The role of artists in the development of communities shall not be underestimated. When street art becomes a local landmark, it introduces not only new socio-cultural meanings, but also creates new economic relations, and raises the status of "local heirs of art" -
those who live in close proximity to works.
For example, in Brazil, artists often practice involving the locals from favelas, more often teenagers, to create collaborative art. In impoverished neighborhoods, Graffiti and Urban Art Mural festivals, such as the festival Meeting of Favela
(MOF) in Rio de Janeiro, are being held, bringing together thousands of artists. One of the missions of such events is to emphasize the importance of inclusion, openness, and involvement of the local community in deciding how their city will live and look. It is important not to forget that there is a social contract between locals and artists. Residents are more like co-authors of works than just spectators.
Street art practitioners sometimes become a way to reimagine old buildings that have lost their original purpose. Sometimes there can be a transformed historical building, like Vila Itororo in São Paulo, about which cultural manager and researcher Norton Ficarelli told us: